LUNAR AND SOLAR CALENDARS

In the infinite universe, there is no time, no beginning and no end. It is always now.

Since the human mind is limited and cannot go beyond the three-dimensional world, it cannot help but measure time and divide it into years, months, and days. To do this, man has used some kind of calendar since time immemorial.

In the past, the lunar calendar was the most used. It was based on the cycles of the moon. The Romans also had a sort of lunar calendar, but it was not at all accurate. Therefore, in 46 BC, Julius Caesar ordered that the solar calendar be adopted. It divided the year into three hundred and sixty-five days and was called the Julian calendar. Nowadays, the Julian calendar, with the adjustments made by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582, is the most used in the world.

However, many countries still use the lunar calendar or celebrate their festivals according to it. This year, in China, Korea, and other countries, New Year’s Day is January 22. In Korea, it is called Seol. It is the most important festival in the country. People return to their hometowns to spend their holidays with their families and relatives. Furthermore, they perform a special ritual for their deceased ancestors.

Happy New Year to all my Korean friends and relatives!

Ettore Grillo, author of these books:

– November 2: The Day of the Dead in Sicily (English edition)

– A Hidden Sicilian History (English edition)

– The Vibrations of Words (English edition)

– Travels of the Mind (English edition)

– Una Storia Siciliana Nascosta (edizione in lingua italiana)

– Viaggi della Mente (edizione in lingua italiana)

http://www.amazon.com/author/ettoregrillo

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